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The Ultimate Guide to Efficient Crop protection

by Yash Garg 24 Aug 2023 0 Comments

 

 The Ultimate Guide to Efficient Crop protection

Yielding a good quality crop is one of the most crucial tasks for any farmer. Farmers cultivate crops properly after a lot of inputs, Hard works, and techniques, but what if it becomes infected or damaged for any reason? It is critical to protect your crops well in order to maximise productivity. We created a guide to assist you learn more about crop protection and the numerous strategies and equipment you can use to protect your crop.

What is Crop Protection?

What is Crop Protection?

Crop protection is the overall mechanism or method of safeguarding and protecting the crop yields from various agents such as pests, weeds, plant diseases, wild animals, etc that cause crop damage.

Weeds, small animals such as rats, insects, pests, disease causing pathogens, and birds would exist in agricultural fields alongside the crops. These variables are mostly responsible for crop loss or damage. Farmers must protect their crops from pests in order to increase crop optimum production. Crop protection management is thus essential before, during, and after cultivation. There are various products available in the markets which can be used for protecting your crops, websites like superbkishan.com is one of the trusted company which provide all the necessities starting from fertilizers, seeds, tools and equipments all at one place which you can choose to get access of all farming products at a single place.

To protect your crops and yield the optimum production from your farm , you need to follow several strategies that will help you safeguard your crops. This guide is for you to increase your knowledge and help you for efficient crop protection.

What are the methods of Crop Protection?

Farmers can use a variety of crop protection methods  to increase the production of their crops.

1. Weed Management

2. Pest and Insect Management

3. Plant Disease Management – Disease resistant crops, deepplowing ,quarantine of infected plants

4. Crop Protection after Cultivation

1. Weed Management -

Weed Management

Weeds are unwanted plants which grow alongside the crops. These weeds steal the nutrients, sunlight, water, minerals and other resources from crops and restrict the growth of crops which results in undernourished crops with lower yields.

Elimination of these weeds is known as weeding. It is the process of preventing the spread of weeds and can be done in a variety of ways:

  • Spraying weedicide

Weedicides can be spread with the help of various types of sprayers such as - Pressure Spray Pump & Tanks which is available on websites like superbkishan.com.

  • Manual Weeding –

Manual weeding can be done manually with hands on small areas whereas weedicides are more preferable for big yard and farms for easy application and effective results.

  • Sector ploughing-

Ploughing is done by the help of plough which eradicate weeds and most of the previous crop residues, bringing them down to a depth where they cannot influence plant growth.

  • Weed removal by trowel and harrow –

A tiny trowel is preferable for weeding between plants, while a larger trowel is preferable for weeding broader, it loses the soil around the weeds and then lift them up out of the ground .

While a harrow contains a series of teeth that break up clumps of soil and level the surface, weeds are removed by dragging it through the ground. For large farms, harrows are more preferable.

2. Pests and Insect management -

Pests and Insect management

Crop damage and production loss are primarily caused by insects and pests. They could destroy the entire crop and consume a tremendous amount of grain. Agricultural productivity can be decreased by 40-50% annually if left unchecked.

Pests and Insect Management can be done by following ways-

  • Spraying insecticides and pesticides -

Sprayers are used to apply insecticides and pesticides to the soil in order to control the growth of pests and insects. Battery and manual sprayers can be used for spraying these insecticides and pesticides, select the sprayers according to the area of your farm for easy applications. Both the sprayers are available on superbkishan.com.

  • Crop rotation –

Crop rotation is a pest control system where different types of crops are cultivated in the same area at different seasons, it helps to break the lifecycle of pests and insects which tends to grow on specific crops, rotating crops remove their source of food and prevent their production .

3. Plant disease Management –

Plant disease Management

Plant disease is a crop-damaging factorby pathogenic infections. Bacteria, fungi, and viruses all have distinct ways of affecting different areas of the crop. You can control plant diseases by

  • Pesticides and biocontrol agents

These are the agents that can be used to protect crops against various diseases. It should be used beforeand during cultivation.  

  • Chemical Control –

There are few chemicals such as – fungicides, bactericides, herbicides etc which are sprayed in the soil using manual and battery sprayers which helps to kill the pathogens living inside the soil and damaging the crops.

Some most common plant diseases are -alternate host, antibiosis, antigen, etc.

4. Crop protection after cultivation -

Crop protection after cultivation

 

Harvesting is the process of cutting and gathering the mature crop. It involves immediate post-harvest practises such as threshing and winnowing

  • Threshing –

Threshing is the process of pounding the sheaves against wooden bars to separate the grains from the stalks.

  • Winnowing -

Winnowing is the process of removing the undesirable husk from food. It is accomplished by pouring the grains from a height on a windy day, when the grains fall to the ground and the chaff is washed away.

Threshing and winnowing improve crop quality, enhance agricultural productivity, minimise waste, and make crops more safe and secure by removing potential allergies and pathogens. This can help to protect farmers' and consumers' health.

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Crop protection helps in keeping crops healthy and maximising productivity. You can select crop protection techniques, equipment, and methods based on the type and compatibility of your crop. 

On the website of superbkishan.com, you will have access to all of the necessary tools, equipment, fertilizers and other farming supplies in higher quality and at lower prices. You can use these products, tools and equipment’s in order to protect your crops .

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